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Paris conference on war military and climate change: a summary of the discussion

Wars, (the) Military, Climate change

International conference (4-5-6 December, 2015)

Helsinki Citizens Assembly France (AEC/IPAM) – Transnational Institute (TNI)

 

A number of French and international organisations met in Paris 4-6 December to explore the relationships between climate/ecological crises, conflicts/conflictuality, and military activities. As well as exploring how military activities impacts on environment, military strategies, it also analysed how security/military responses to environmental crises affect vulnerable groups and create winners and losers. Full programme available at  https://www.tni.org/en/event/wars-military-climate

 

Sponsoring organisations included: the Transnational Institute (TNI), Assemblée européenne des citoyens (Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly HCA-France), together with its partners of IPAM network (Initiatives for Another World), the International Peace Bureau (IPB/BPI), the Catholic Committee CCFD Terre Solidaire, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN-France), the French Association of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (AMFPGN), the House of vigilance, the Observatoire des armements and CRDPC, the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security (GRIP Brussels), the MIR (IFOR France), the Coordination pour l’éducation à la non-violence et à la paix, and, Statewatch, Friends of the Earth, ATTAC, Focus on the Global South, Scientists for Global Responsibility etc.

 

 

On Friday 4th December, there were a series of meetings on nuclear power, geoengineering and the carbon ‘bootprint’ of the military

 

The meeting was taking place in the Centre International de culture Populaire, an independent and self-managed house, dedicated to international solidarity, created in the 1970s.

 

In the introductive session Military activities, strategy, climate. Alain Joxe, expert in geopolitics, professor at the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris, www.ehess.fr/cirpes explained that the “climate insecurity” was also a question of social classes, of threat for the poorest and dispossessed, and of “securisation /militarisation” by dominants. Ben Cramer, journalist specialist on the questions of military and ecology, www.athena21.org underlined the importance of this “climate threat” for the armies and military-industrial complex to justify new budgets, new programs, etc. While climate justice would be a factor of peace and reduction of military expenses a means to finance Green Fund. Patrice Bouveret, director of the Observatoire des armements, www.obsarm.org spoked about the issues of disarmament and in particular nuclear disarmament.

 

 

Bernard Dreano from AEC (Helsinki Citizens Assembly France) www.aechca.fr and IPAM network www.reseau-ipam.org explained that the Carbon print of the military activities had been expelled from the climate negotiations, IPCC expertise, etc., which introduced the second session was about the ENMOD Convention and the questions about geoengineering

 

Luc Mamprey director of the Brussels’ based GRIP (Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security) www.grip.org, explained the importance of the ENMOD United Nation convention, which forbid any modification of environment for “hostile purpose” (a Convention signed by most of the big powers except France), while Alain Lipietz, Former Member of the European Parliament, www.lipietz.net, discussed the importance of the international laws (ENMOD, Geneva Conventions, etc.) to defend environment and peace. Then the debate with the audience, focused on the relationship between the mobilization of public opinion and movements for the defense of peace and the improvement of international law and its application, with contributions, among others, of Jean Marc Lavieille, professor of International law in Limoges University. Pat Mooney, founder of ETC Group (Erosion, Technology, Concentration) www.etcgroup.org, returned in detail on the issues of geo-engineering, military or civilian (so called,) and the threats that these projects and proposals are.

 

The third session was devoted to Nuclear threat and Climate. The first part was devoted to military nuclear threat and foreseeable climate damage (including world hunger) presented by Abraham Behar, president of IPPNW France (International Physician for the Prevention of Nuclear War), www.amfpgn.org, and www.ippnw.org. The role of nuclear tests on the climate (including radioactive remanence) was discussed. In a video, Alan Robock, member of the IPCC estimates that this role remains modest in view of the major implications of a localized conflict described in his model. The second part of Michel Fernex (Professor in University of Geneva) explained how the use of nuclear energy remains a false solution to climate change. Climate change is a direct threat for atomic reactors as Fukushima, he recently visited.

 

 

Saturday 5 December am – The environmental dimension of conflicts


On Saturday, there were some hiccups with rooms – our allocated room was full of students! – but once that was sorted out we kicked off with some fascinating presentations by Middle East scholars on the links between military conflict and the impact on the environment, case of the Middle East.
Jacques Fontaine, from Association France Palestine Solidarité www.france-palestine.org

began by speaking about the Israel-Palestine conflict and the unjust distribution of water resources.

Bas du formulaire

 

Samira Mobaied, a Syrian ecologist than shared the untold story of how the Syrian conflict is affecting the country’s rich environment and also how communities are using traditional herbs and medicines to heal in the absence of access to medicine. Ismael Dawood from the Iraqi Civil Society Support Initiative, www.iraqicivilsociety.org explained how water was being used a weapon in Iraq. A major dam in Turkey, the Illusu dam threatens the prized biodiverse region of Iraqi marshlands. Meanwhile ISIS, Daesh are threatening to capture critical water resources. Ercan Ayboga from the Mesopotamia Ecology Movement, also spoke of how dams were being used as security tools by the Turkish government in Ku rdish regions. www.facebook.com/mezopotamyaekolojihareket .But it’s also important to remember, water does not have to be a source of conflict. It can be the basis for cooperation – the only lasting solution to a climate crisis.

 

 

Colonising the future – the Military-Industrial complex and Climate change

In the afternoon, the discussion turned to military strategies for responding to climate change.

Jagoda Munic, chair of Friends of the Earth International www.foe.org started the session. Stuart Parkinson from Scientists for Global Responsibility www.sgr.org.uk then talked through the UK’s new security strategy and how it seeks to increase budgets for the military while reducing efforts (and money) to tackle climate change.

April Humble from the Earth League Secretariat www.the-earth-league.org then gave a compelling insight into how the militarisation of EU’s borders affects migrants from her own visits to Turkey. It is also disturbingly part of a worldwide trend of border militarisation. Ben Cramer gave some important context to the history of ecology and security and how militarism contributes to climate change and insecurity.

 

 

 

Challenging securitisation of our Climate-changed World

 

In the final session, we explored how corporate strategies for securitisation dovetail with military strategies. Oscar Reyes of Institute for Policy Studies www.ips-dc.org explained how corporate strategies seek to either minimise risk or profit from climate change impacts – in both cases the aim is to maintain business as usual regardless of whether it worsens the climate crisis.

 

Mary Ann Manahan of Focus on the Global South focusweb.org explained how this played out in the area of water – vastly increased corporate water grabbing worldwide

 

The session finished with two presentations by Green Politicians – Leila Aichi, a French Green Senate MP and a member of the Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces Senatorial Commission and Jill Stein, a Green Party US Presidential Candidate.

Comment-prendre-rendez-vous

Wars, Military, Climate International conference (Paris, December 4-5-6, 2015)

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Wars, Military, Climate

International conferences (Paris, December 4-5-6, 2015)

Organizers  Assemblée européenne des citoyens (Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly HCA-France) and the Transnational Institute (TNI Amsterdam)

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Themes

Relationship between climate/ecological crises, conflicts/conflictuality, and military activities:

– Military activities, their immediate or potential impact on environment, on-going strategies and strategic projections, future weapons policies.

– Impact of security/military responses toenvironmental crises: the « crisis amplifier » effects on vulnerable groups, the relationship with conflicts, the winners and losers.
The working languages ​​are French and English.

The meeting will be held:

First conference, Friday, December 4 at CICP, 21 ter rue Voltaire, 75011 Paris

Second conference, Saturday 5, as part of the Climate Forum within the People’s Climate Summit, held in Montreuil, Jean Jaures high school, room 401.

Sunday, 6th workshop will be organized on the common actions and perspectives).

It will also be possible to participate in other debates of the People’s Summit. http://coalitionclimat21.org/en/peoples-climate-summit

Provisional  Program

Friday, December 4, CICP, 21 ter rue Voltaire 75011 Paris
Military activities, environmental impact.
2.00-3.00 pm: Introduction, Military activities, strategy, climate.

The carbon footprint and pollution impact of arms and military policies. Why are greenhouse gas emissions resulting from military activities not included in the climate negotiations? A strategic transition needed for « sustainable security ».

Bernard Dreano (Assemblée européenne des citoyens/IPAM), Ben Cramer, (journalist, researcher), Alain Joxe  (CIRPES), Patrice Bouveret (Observatoire des armements, CRDPC)

 

3.00-5.00pm: The ENMOD Convention and the questions about geoengineering

 

Is the ENMOD UN Convention (Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques), a « sleeping beauty »? Addressing global imbalances and the risks of geoengineering. Extension and updating of the ENMOD Convention. Why has this convention not been signed by France? (Among other states)

Luc Mampaey (GRIP), Alain Lipietz (former Member of the European Parliament), Pat Mooney and/or Silvia Ribeiro (ETCgroup)

 

5.00-5.30 pm: Pause
5.30 -7.30 pm: Nuclear threat and Climate

What is the impact of a brutal cooling related to the intentional or accidental use of nuclear weapons on climate, agriculture and health. Nuclear energy a false solution to reduce CO2 emissions.
Abraham Béhar (president of French Association of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Michel Fernex (Sortir du Nucléaire – Switzerland), Alan Robock (skype) IPCC expert (USA)

 
Saturday, December 5, Climate Forum, Montreuil, Jean Jaures High school, room 401
The environmental dimension of conflicts


Recurrent droughts, water stress, sea level rise, extreme weather events will increase with climate change, but their impacts will depend on political and economic decisions made by powerful actors. What will be their effects in regions of tension, dislocation and war? How do we prevent conflict and defend human rights?
10.00-12.00 am: (in cooperation with CCFD): Wars and climate crises, Case study: Middle East

In a region ravaged by war, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, civil war in Syria, Iraq, Yemen regional and global geopolitical tensions, what is the impact of environmental issues, water, repeated droughts, etc. With particular attention to the situation in Palestine, Syria and Iraq and across the Euphrates and Tigris basin.

Farouk Mardam Bey (Historian), Samira Mobaied (Syrian Ecologist), Jacques Fontaine (Association France Palestine solidarité), Ercan Ercan Ayboga (Ecological movement of Mesopotamia, Save Tigris campaign), Ismaeel Dawood (Iraqi Civil Society Support Initiative).

 

Climate Threat, Human Security

 

2.00-4.00 pm: Colonising the future – the Military-Industrial complex and Climate change

Military strategists consider « climate threats » and generally ecological crises, as central issues of security. What are their proposals and projections? Is it a new opportunity for military-industrial lobbies? Are there alternatives?

Ben Cramer, Stuart Parkinson (Scientists for Global Responsibility), Ben Hayes (Statewatch/TNI), April Humble, Asad Rehman or rep of Friends of the Earth

 

4.00-4.30 m: Pause

 

4.30-6.30: Challenging securitisation of our Climate-changed World

Current and future threats to our food, water, energy are all being framed today in terms of security. What is the impact of securitising everything? How do we resist and how can we forge true human security?

Leila Aichi (Member of the French Senate, Secretary of the Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces Senatorial Commission), Oscar Reyes (IPS), Mary Ann Manahan (Focus on the Global South), Nick Buxton and Susan George (TNI), Nnimmo Bassey (HOMEF)

Sunday, 6th, Climate forum Montreuil

10.00-12.00 am: Self organized workshop: Resistance and Alternative, struggles for Peace and Environment, common plans for action (Tom Henfrey, Hilary Wainwright)

IPAM network (Initiatives for Another World), the International Peace Bureau (IPB/BPI), the Catholic Committee CCFD Terre Solidaire, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN-France), the French Association of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (AMFPGN), the House of vigilance, the Observatoire des armements and CRDPC, the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security (GRIP Brussels), the Sciences Society Alliance (ALLISS) , Coordination internationale pour une culture de non-violence et de paix, Mouvement international de la réconciliation (MIR France), Mouvement de la Paix, e Mouvement pour une alternative non-violente, Statewatch, Friends of the Earth, ATTAC, Focus on the Global South, Scientists for Global Responsibility, Association France Palestine Solidarité (AFPS), Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Intitiative (ICSSI), etc.

Partners

IPAM network (Initiatives for Another World), the International Peace Bureau (IPB/BPI), the Catholic Committee CCFD Terre Solidaire, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN-France), the French Association of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (AMFPGN), the House of vigilance, the Observatoire des armements and CRDPC, the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security (GRIP Brussels), the Sciences Society Alliance (ALLISS) , Coordination internationale pour une culture de non-violence et de paix, Mouvement international de la réconciliation (MIR France), Mouvement de la Paix, e Mouvement pour une alternative non-violente, Statewatch, Friends of the Earth, ATTAC, Focus on the Global South, Scientists for Global Responsibility, Association France Palestine Solidarité (AFPS), Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Intitiative (ICSSI), etc.

 

Guerres, armées, climat Rencontres internationales (4-5-6 décembre 2015)

 

Guerres, armées, climat

Rencontres internationales (4-5-6 décembre 2015)

Organisées à l’initiative de l’Assemblée européenne des citoyens (AEC/IPAM) et du Transnational Institute (TNI)

Les relations entre crises climatique et écologiques, conflits, conflictualité, et activités militaires seront abordés à partir de :

– La question de l’impact immédiat ou potentiel sur l’environnement des activités militaires, mais aussi les stratégies opérationnelles actuelles et les projections stratégiques et politiques d’armements futures.

– L’impact des crises et tensions environnementales, leurs effets «amplificateur de crise» sur les sociétés, leurs rapports à la conflictualité. Deux zones de conflits et tensions seront particulièrement examinées : l’Afrique Sahélienne, le Proche Orient.

 

Vendredi 4 décembre Activités militaires, impact environnemental

Lieu : CICP, 21 ter rue Voltaire 75011

13h30-14h accueil

 

14h-15h15 Introduction : activités militaires, stratégies, climat

L’empreinte carbone des politiques d’armements et des activités militaires. Pourquoi les émissions de gaz à effet de serre résultant des activités militaires ne sont pas prises en compte dans les négociations sur le climat? Une transition stratégique nécessaire pour une «sécurité durable »?

Bernard Dreano (Assemblée européenne des citoyens/IPAM), Alain Joxe  (CIRPES), Ben Cramer, (journaliste, auteur de « Guerre et paix…et écologie »), Patrice Bouveret (Observatoire des armements, CRDPC).

15h15-16h45 : La convention ENMOD et les questions de la géo-ingénierie

La Convention ENMOD (Convention de l’ONU sur l’interdiction des modifications de l’environnement à des fins militaires ou hostiles), une « belle endormie » ? Face aux déséquilibres planétaires, aux risques de la géo-ingénierie, il faut poser la question de sa nécessaire extension et actualisation de la convention, et celle de la non-signature de cette convention par la France.

Alain Lipietz (ancien député européen), Luc Mampaey (GRIP), Pat Mooney et/ou Silvia Ribeiro (ETCgroup).

16h45-17h : Pause

 

17h-18h30 : Menace nucléaire et climat

Quel est l’impact d’un refroidissement brutal lié à l’utilisation de l’arme nucléaire (volontaire ou par accident) sur le climat et l’agriculture (le point de vue du climatologue) et sur la santé (vu par un médecin). L’énergie nucléaire, fausse solution pour diminuer l’émission de CO2

Abraham Béhar (président de l’ AMFPGN), Michel Fernex (Sortir du Nucléaire – Suisse), Alan Robock (skype) expert du GIEC (USA)

 

Samedi 5 décembre- menaces climatiques et sécurité humaine : la dimension environnementale de la conflictualité

lieu : Montreuil Forum Climat, Lycée Jean Jaurès, salle 401

Les sécheresses répétées, le stress hydrique, les épisodes météorologiques extrêmes, vont se développer avec le changement climatique, mais leur impact va dépendre des décisions politiques et économiques prises par les puissants. Quels seront effets dans des zones de tensions, de dislocation, de guerre. Comment empêcher les conflits et défendre les droits humains ?

10h-12h : (en coopération avec le CCFD) Guerres et crises climatiques, étude de cas : la situation au Proche Orient

Dans une région ravagée par la guerre, le conflit israélo-palestinien, les guerres civiles en Syrie et en Irak, les tensions géopolitiques régionales et globales, quel est l’impact questions environnementales, de la question de l’eau, de l’effet des sécheresses répétées, etc. Avec une attention particulière à la situation en Palestine, en Syrie et Irak et dans l’ensemble du bassin de l’Euphrate et du Tigre.

Farouk Mardam Bey (historien), Samira Mobaied (Ecologiste syrienne), Jacques Fontaine (Association France Palestine solidarité), Ercan Ayboga (Mouvement écologique de Mésopotamie, Save Tigris campaign), Ismaeel Dawood (Iraqi Civil Society Support Initiative).

14h-16h : Coloniser l’avenir, le complexe militaro-industriel et le changement climatique.

Les stratèges militaires considèrent la « menace climatique » et plus généralement les crises écologiques, comme des questions centrales de sécurité. Quelles sont leurs propositions et projections stratégiques ? Est-ce une nouvelle opportunité pour les lobbys militaro-industriels ? Existe-t-il des alternatives?

Ben Cramer, Stuart Parkinson (Scientists for Global Responsibility), Ben Hayes (Statewatch/TNI), April Humble, Asad Rehman (Friends of the Earth)

16h – 16h30  : Pause

 

16h30-18h30 (en coopération avec le TNI) Faire face à la militarisation dans le contexte du changement climatique

La réponse aux menaces actuelles et futures pour notre alimentation, notre eau, notre énergie est présentée en termes de sécurité. Quel est l’impact de cette logique sécuritaire ? Comment y faire face et permettre une vraie sécurité humaine ?

Leila Aichi (Sénatrice, Secrétaire de la Commission des Affaires étrangères, de la Défense et des Forces armées du sénat français), Oscar Reyes (IPS), Mary Ann Manahan (Focus on the Global South), Nnimmo Bassey (HOMEF), Nick Buxton (TNI).

 

 

Dimanche 6 décembre : atelier de travail autogéré

Lieu : Montreuil Forum Climat

Résistance et alternatives, luttes pour la paix et défense de l’environnement, coopération entre mouvements, futurs débats et activités. Animateurs : Bernard Dreano(AEC) et Nick Buxton (TNI)

 

Langue de travail : français et anglais (traduction assurée)

 

Organisateurs

Assemblée européennes des citoyens (HCA-France) et le Transnational Institute (TNI) avec les associations : Réseau Initiatives pour un autre monde (IPAM), Bureau international de la paix (IPB/PBI), Comité catholique contre la faim et pour le développement (CCFD Terre solidaire), Campagne internationale pour l’abolition des armes nucléaires (ICAN-France), Association des médecins français pour la prévention de la guerre nucléaire (AMFPGN), Maison de vigilance, l’Observatoire des armements et CRDPC, Groupe de recherche et d’information sur la paix et la sécurité (GRIP Bruxelles), Pour une Alliance sciences société (ALLISS), Coordination internationale pour une culture de non-violence et de paix, le Mouvement international de la réconciliation (MIR France), Mouvement de la Paix, le Mouvement pour une alternative non-violente, Statewatch, Friends of the Earth, ATTAC, Focus on the Global South, Scientists for Global Responsibility, Association France Palestine Solidarité (AFPS), Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Intitiative (ICSSI), etc.